The computational complexity of two-state spin systems
Goldberg, L.A., Jerrum, M. and Paterson, M.S. (2001) The computational complexity of two-state spin systems. Technical Report. Department of Computer Science, Coventry, UK.
- Published Version
The subject of this article is spin-systems as studied in statistical physics. We focus on the case of two spins. This case encompasses models of physical interest, such as the classical Ising model (ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic, with or without an applied magnetic field) and the hard-core gas model. There are three degrees of freedom, corresponding to our parameters beta, gamma and mu. We wish to study the complexity of (approximately) computing the partition function in terms of these parameters. We pay special attention to the symmetric case mu=1 for which our results are depicted in Figure 1. Exact computation of the partition function Z is NP-hard except in the trivial case beta gamma=1, so we concentrate on the issue of whether Z can be computed within small relative error in polynomial time. We show that there is a fully polynomial randomised approximation scheme (FPRAS) for the partition function in the "ferromagnetic" region beta gamma >= 1, but (unless RP=NP) there is no FPRAS in the "antiferromagnetic" region corresponding to the square defined by 0<beta<1 and 0<gamma<1. Neither of these "natural" regions --- neither the hyperbola nor the square --- marks the boundary between tractable and intractable. In one direction, we provide an FPRAS for the partition function within a region which extends well away from the hyperbola. In the other direction, we exhibit two tiny, symmetric, intractable regions extending beyond the antiferromagnetic region. We also extend our results to the asymmetric case mu not equal to 1.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Technical Report)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||technicalreport, randomised algorithm|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Computer Science|
|Depositing User:||Mr Ebrahim Ardeshir|
|Date Deposited:||14 Dec 2011 14:54|
|Last Modified:||01 Nov 2012 18:06|
Actions (login required)