EDM: A General Framework for Data Mining based on Evidence Theory
Anand, S.S., Bell, D.A. and Hughes, J.G. (1996) EDM: A General Framework for Data Mining based on Evidence Theory. Data and Knowledge Engineering, 18. pp. 189-223.Full text not available from this repository.
Data Mining or Knowledge Discovery in Databases is currently one of the most exciting and challenging areas where database techniques are coupled with techniques from Artificial Intelligence and mathematical sub-disciplines to great potential advantage. It has been defined as the non-trivial extraction of implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful information from data. A lot of research effort is being directed towards building tools for discovering interesting patterns which are hidden below the surface in databases. However, most of the work being done in this field has been problem-specific and no general framework has yet been proposed for Data Mining. In this paper we seek to remedy this by proposing, EDM — Evidence-based Data Mining — a general framework for Data Mining based on Evidence Theory.
Having a general framework for Data Mining offers a number of advantages. It provides a common method for representing knowledge which allows prior knowledge from the user or knowledge discoveryd by another discovery process to be incorporated into the discovery process. A common knowledge representation also supports the discovery of meta-knowledge from knowledge discovered by different Data Mining techniques. Furthermore, a general framework can provide facilities that are common to most discovery processes, e.g. incorporating domain knowledge and dealing with missing values.
The framework presented in this paper has the following additional advantages. The framework is inherently parallel. Thus, algorithms developed within this framework will also be parallel and will therefore be expected to be efficient for large data sets — a necessity as most commercial data sets, relational or otherwise, are very large. This is compounded by the fact that the algorithms are complex. Also, the parallelism within the framework allows its use in parallel, distributed and heterogeneous databases. The framework is easily updated and new discovery methods can be readily incorporated within the framework, making it ‘general’ in the functional sense in addition to the representational sense considered above. The framework provides an intuitive way of dealing with missing data during the discovery process using the concept of Ignorance borrowed from Evidence Theory.
The framework consists of a method for representing data and knowledge, and methods for data manipulation or knowledge discovery. We suggest an extension of the conventional definition of mass functions in Evidence Theory for use in Data Mining, as a means to represent evidence of the existence of rules in the database. The discovery process within EDM consists of a series of operations on the mass functions. Each operation is carried out by an EDM operator. We provide a classification for the EDM operators based on the discovery functions performed by them and discuss aspects of the induction, domain and combination operator classes.
The application of EDM to two separate Data Mining tasks is also addressed, highlighting the advantages of using a general framework for Data Mining in general and, in particular, using one that is based on Evidence Theory.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||pcav hpsg peer-to-peer intelligent artificial knowledge database|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Computer Science|
|Depositing User:||Simon Hammond|
|Date Deposited:||02 May 2011 16:15|
|Last Modified:||23 Feb 2012 09:09|
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